AFA Conservation
The Wild Bird Conservation Act of 1992 (WBCA)

The Wild Bird Conservation Act of 1992

Signed into law on October 23, 1992, the WBCA was designed to stop the mass importation of wild‐caught birds destined for the U.S. pet trade. Initially this law pertained to only birds listed on CITES Appendices I and II. But a lawsuit brought against the USFWS by animal protection groups extended its constraints to “Any CITES listed parrot species”. Several other “groups” of birds are also protected under this law.

Special Note: Many people think that this import prohibition does not include neighboring countries such as Canada or Mexico. But it most certainly does and fines and imprisonment could result from importing, without a permit, any parrots from these countries as well.

What Does the WBCA Mean to Aviculturists?

Under the act, there are provisions that preclude the importation into the U.S. of any CITES listed bird species not included in the families: phasianidae, numididae, cracidae, meleagrididae, megapodiidae, antidae, struthionidae, rheidae, dromaiinae, and gruidae. It clearly includes the family: Psittacidae or parrots. The USFWS has developed a list of species “exempt” under the WBCA and allowed for importation if they are “bred in captivity” in another country and no known wild specimens are in trade worldwide. This list appears below.

Cooperative Breeding Programs

A cooperative breeding program can be designed by any bird club, group of breeders, or other U.S. citizens that wish to import restricted birds for a breeding or conservation program. The program itself can be designed by the applicant but must be approved by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. All programs require annual reporting to the USFWS and depending on how they are designed, usually imported birds and their immediate offspring must remain with approved members of the program until the program has reached its stated goals and is disbanded by the originator or the USFWS. The law allows for approval of programs that are:

(A) Designed to promote the conservation of the species and maintain the species in the wild by enhancing the propagation and survival of the species; and

(B) Developed and administered by, or in conjunction with, an avicultural, conservation, or zoological organization that meets standards developed by the Secretary.

Permit Contact: Dept. Of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Management Authority, 4401 N. Fairfax Dr. Room 212, Arlington, VA 22203 or Call: 703-358-2104

Captive‐bred or “Clean list” (WBCA Exempt) Species:

Species not on this “captive bred” list and found on any CITES appendix are prohibited for import except under “approved cooperative breeding programs”. CITES permits or ESA permits are still required for importation of some species.
Arranged alphabetically by Latin Genus.

Agapornis personata, Masked lovebird.
Agapornis roseicollis, Peach-faced lovebird.
Aratinga jandaya, Jendaya conure.
Barnardius barnardi, Mallee ringneck parrot.
Bolborhynchus lineola, Lineolated parakeet (blue, yellow, and white form).
Cyanoramphus auriceps, Yellow-fronted Kakariki Parakeet.
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae, Red-fronted Kakariki parakeet.
Forpus coelestis, Pacific parrotlet (Lutino, yellow, blue, and cinnamon forms).
Melopsittacus undulates, Budgerigar.
Neophema bourkii, Bourke's parrot.
Neophema chrysostoma, Blue-winged Parrot.
Neophema elegans, Elegant Parrot.
Neophema pulchella, Turquoise parrot.
Neophema splendid, Scarletchested parrot.
Nymphicus hollandicus, Cockatiel.
Platycercus Adelaide, Adelaide rosella.
Platycercus adscitus, Pale-headed rosella.
Platycercus elegans, Crimson rosella.
Platycercus eximius, Eastern rosella.
Platycercus icterotis, Western (stanley) rosella.
Platycercus venustus, Northern rosella.
Polytelis alexandrae, Princess parrot.
Polytelis anthopeplus, Regent parrot.
Polytelis swainsonii, Superb parrot.
Psephotus chrysopterygius, Golden-shouldered parakeet.
Psephotus haematonotus, Red-rumped parakeet.
Psephotus varius, Mulga parakeet.
Psittacula eupatria, Alexandrine parakeet (Lutino and blue form).
Psittacula krameri manilensis, Indian ringneck parakeet.
Purpureicephalus spurious, Australian Red-capped parrot.
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus, Scaly-breasted lorikeet.

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